Notes of “Physics XI” for FSc Part 1 published by Punjab Textbook Board, Lahore. These notes are very helpful to prepare Physics paper of FSc Part 1 for Federal Board, Multan Board, Faisalabad Board, Sargodha Board, Gujranwala Board, DG Khan Board, Rawalpindi Board or any other board of Punjab, Pakistan.

Chapter 01: Measurements
The earlier discription of man about the around him and facts abouts natural phenomenon and material things resulted in the birth of single discipline of science called natural philosphy.Due to the huge increase in the scientific knowledge uptill the begining of 19th century it was found necessory to classify the study of nature into … read more & download

Chapter 02: Vectors and Equilibrium
The Quantity which can be measured is known as Physical Quantity or The property of matter which is related to its measurements is called Physical Quantity.There are two types of physical quantities.Scalar quantities and vector …read more and download

Chapter 03: Motion and Force
Motion is defined as an object is said to be in the state of motion if it changes it position with resspect to its surroundings e.g. motion of birds, flying of birds.Displacement is defined as the change in postion of an object from initial position to final position is called …read more and download

Chapter 04: Work and Energy
The work done on a body by a constant force is defined as the product of magnitude of displacement and the component of the force in the direction of the displacement.Energy is defined as the ability of the body to do work is called …read more and download

Chapter 05: Circular Motion
When a particle moves in circle, its motion is called circular motion. For example motion of wheel of a car, motion of planets around sun, motion of satellites around earth …read more and download

Chapter 06: Fluid Dynamics
A substance that can flow is called fluid e.g. Liquid, Gases.The study of properties of fluids at rest is known as fluid statics.The study of property of fluids in motion is known as fluid dynamics.The study of fluids in motion is relatively …read more and download

Chapter 07: Ossilations
A body move as a whole from one place to another and all of its particle move in the same direction with the same speed called …read more and download

Chapter 08: Waves
Wave is the disturbance produced in a medium which is used to transport energy from one point to another without transporting matter.The waves which require any medium for their propagation by the oscillation of material particles are called …read more and download

Chapter 09: Physical Optics
It is the branch of physics which deals with the production, propagation and properties of light…read more and download

Chapter 10: Optical Instruments
The normal human eye can focus a sharp image of an object of an eye if the object is located any where between infinity to a certain point called a near point …read more and download

Chapter 11: Heat and Thermodynamics
Thermodynamics is a branch of natural science concerned with heat and its relation to energy and work. It defines macroscopic variables (such as temperature, internal energy, entropy, and pressure) that characterize materials and …read more and download